At Creating Brighter Futures one of the most common questions that we receive is to define ABA. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is the process of applying knowledge gained through learning from Behavior Analysis and applying these principles to solutions of problems that exist in social situations. Significant research has validated treatments based on ABA principles.
Improving Socially Significant Behaviors
Behaviors that are deemed socially significant include base social skills as well as reading, academics, communication and living skills. These living skills typically include:
- food preparation and eating
- domestic skills
- fine and gross motor skills
- time management and punctuality
- work skills
- community as well as home orientation
ABA Methods Are Used To Help Those Dealing With Autism In A Variety Of Ways:
- To reinforce intended on-task behavior or social interactions.
- To maintain intended behaviors through self-control and self-monitoring procedures which can be used to maintain social skills.
- To assist in the transfer of intended behaviors from one situation to another.
- To teach new skills such as life skills or job related activities that will benefit the person dealing with Autism.
- To modify the learning environment to reduce the conditions where interfering behaviors will occur.
How Are Behaviors Measured With ABA?
The proper measurement of behaviors as they relate to ABA is objective. Behaviors such as depression, anger or aggression must be defined objectively so that therapists can measure them. ABA uses methods of analysis that generate examples of how to create specific behavior modifications. These behaviors are then evaluated in relevant settings such as the community as well as homes and schools.
The process of measurement and treatment typically includes:
- Determining the interfering behavior or skill deficit
- Identifying objectives and goals
- Creation of a method to measure target behaviors
- Create a baseline to measure levels of performance
- Design and implement interventions that will teach new skills and/or reduce interfering behaviors.
- Ongoing tracking of effectiveness of intervention and making necessary modifications to further improve behavior(s).
Creating Brighter Futures And ABA Treatment
While Creating Brighter Futures is a strong proponent of ABA Therapy, Traditional ABA style includes working at a table using discrete trial training. These skills are often taught in a rote fashion and may not always generalize to other materials, individuals and settings. Our center offers more of an eclectic approach. We work on teaching skills using discrete trial training at a table, but also incorporate play-based approaches to learning. Specific therapy goals may be integrated into a game or activity rather than asking a child questions at a table. We push for the generalization of skills through naturalistic teaching methods, in which we find teachable moments in a child’s daily routine and work on teaching a skill in the moment. In addition, generalization of skills is achieved by having each child work with a variety of technicians on a weekly basis. In other programs, the child may only work with one or two technicians for several months and may not demonstrate the skill when interacting with someone else.
If you would like more information about Creating Brighter Futures give our office a call today at (734) 926-0740 or send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org. We look forward to speaking with you about our program and how it can assist in the treatment of someone you love.